DMV Study Guide

If you are looking for a DMV study guide to help you prepare for your upcoming DMV visit, look no further. We have prepared a study guide with everything you need to know for when you go to take your driving test. Our guide covers what to bring, fees to expect, last minute driving test tips, frequently missed test questions, and the official handbook.
select your state:

Table of Contents


What to Bring to the DMV

When you go to the DMV, you want to make sure you have all the necessary items so you don’t have to reschedule or wait in line again. The following items are what you will need to bring with you to the DMV:

Alabama

One document to verify your identity, including any of the following:
Valid, unexpired US Passport
Certified Birth Certificate
Certificate of Citizenship
Valid, Permanent Resident Card
Unexpired employment authorization document
Consular Report of Birth Abroad
One document to verify your social security number (SSN), including any of the following:
Social Security Card
A certified letter from the Social Security Administration stating the person’s name and Social Security Number
W-2 Tax Form
Medicare/Medicaid Card (if SS# IS FOLLOWED BY THE LETTER A)
Two documents to verify your address, including any of the following:
Voter Registration Card
School Enrollment Documentation
Social Security Benefits statements/summary mailed to physical address
Utility bill less than 90 days old
Proof of payment of residential property tax.

Alaska

Permit application (Form 478)
 Two forms of ID
 Parental consent form, if under 18
Proof of Social Security Number
 Proof of Address

Arizona

 Two forms of Identification: One of them must have a clear photo of you
If you have no photo ID, then present 3 forms of identification
 Your parent or legal guardian’s picture ID can count as 1 form of ID.
 Other forms of identification include: Birth certificate and U.S. Passport.
 Other acceptable forms of identification can be found here.
 Signed Application (Must contain parent’s signature if between 15 ½ and 18 yrs. old).
 Social Security Number

Arkansas

 Proof of ID
 Proof of legal status
 Proof of social security number or proof of ineligibility
 Proof of school enrollment (if under 18)
 Proof of GPA (if under 18)

California

 Form DL 44
 Your Social Security Number (It will be verified with the social security administration)
 Your Full Legal Name
 Original Birth Certificate/Legal Presence Document
 Application Fee

Colorado

 Proof of identity
 Social Security Number
 Signed Affidavit of Liability and Guardianship
 Affidavit of Completion of a Driver’s Education Classroom Course (if 15 – 15 ½ )
 Documentation of a completed 4-hour driver awareness program (if 15 ½ - 16 years old)
 Proof of address (if a minor, your parent can show id with the address on it)

Connecticut

 Learner's permit application
 Parental consent form (if under 18)
 2 Proofs of Residency
 2 Proofs of ID
 Proof of Social Security Number

Delaware

 Proof of Identity
 Proof of Social Security Number
 2 Proofs of Residency
Drivers Education Certificate (under age 18)

District Columbia

 Proof of Name and Date of Birth
 Proof of Social Security Number
 Proof of Residency (if under 18)
 Proof of Parental Approval (if 16 or 17)

Florida

 Proof of Identity such as your birth certificate or United States Passport.
 Proof of Social Security Number such as your original social security card or your W-2 displaying your social security number.
 Proof of Substance Abuse and Traffic Law courses
 Proof of Address such as a utility bill, cable bill, etc.
 Parental Consent Form - Minor Driver Applicant Form. If you are under 18 and are not married, one parent must sign your license application.

Georgia

 Proof of your Identity
 Two Proofs of Residency
 Full Social Security Number
 Proof of Lawful U.S. Presence
 Certificate of School Attendance (if under age 18)

Hawaii

One form of ID preferably a birth certificate
 Proof of Social Security Number
 Proof of lawful US presence

Idaho

 Proof of identity
 Proof of residency
 Proof of legal presence
 Your social security card
 Proof of school enrollment (if under 18)
 Parent or legal guardian to sign your application (if under 18)
 Driver’s training program certificate (if you under 17)

Illinois

 Proof of Legal Name
 Social Security Number
 Proof of Birth
 Proof of Residency
Proof of Written Signature

Indiana

 A Birth Certificate or US Passport for proof of identity and US status
 Social Security Card or W-2 for proof of social security number
 Utility bill or Credit Card Bill for proof of residence

Iowa

 Proof of ID
 Proof of Social Security Number
 Proof of Residency

Kansas

Proof of identity
Proof of residency

Kentucky

 A certified birth certificate
 A non-laminated Social Security Card
Proof of Address such as a utility bill, cable bill, etc.
If under 18, a signed application by your parents.

Louisiana

 Birth certificate
 Two forms of identification
 Social Security Number
 Drivers Education Certificate or a 6 Hour Course Certificate

Maine

 2 Proofs of ID
 Proof of Maine residency
 Your Social Security Number
 Certificate of drivers education (if under 18 years of age)

Maryland

 Proof of age and identity,
 Proof of lawful status
 Proof of social security number or proof of ineligibility
 Proof of Maryland residence
 Proof of Learner’s Permit School Attendance Form (if under 16)

Massachusetts

 Three forms of original ID: One showing your signature, one showing your date of birth, one showing your residence.
 An application form with your parents signature on the back if you are under age 18

Michigan

 Proof of Social Security Number
 Proof of US Citizenship
 Proof of Identity
 Proof of Residency
 A green Segment 1 Certificate of Completion (if under 18)

Minnesota

Documents proving your first, middle, and last name, as well as date of birth
- Birth certificate
- Certificate of birth abroad
- Valid US Passport
- Adoption certificate
Certificate of enrollment (if under 18)
Social security number

Mississippi

If you are under 18, you will need to provide the following:
 Completed Application with Notarized Signatures from Parents.
 Certified Birth Certificate
 Social Security Card
 Signed Certification of School Attendance.
If you are 18 or older, provide:
Completed Application.
 Certified Birth Certificate
 Social Security Card
 Proof of Residence

Missouri

Proof of Name
 Proof of Birth
 Proof of Social Security Number
 Proof of Missouri Residential Address

Montana

 Proof of identity
 Proof of Montana residency
 Proof of authorized presence
 Parental consent (if under 18)

Nebraska

One form of ID
 Two forms of address verification
 Social Security Number

Nevada

 A Birth Certificate or US Passport for proof of identity
 Social Security Card or W-2 for proof of social security number
 Utility bill or other bill for proof of residency
 Signed Minor Affidavit Sheet and financial responsibility statement by your legal guardian (if under 18). Should either be notarized or signed in front of a DMV official.

New Hampshire

 Two Proofs of Identity
 The green Driver Education Completion Certificate (if under 18)
A Parent or Guardian Authorization Certificate (if under18)
 A completed Driver’s Out-Of-Class Log Sheet (if under 18)
 Proof of residency (if over18)

New Jersey

 At least one Primary ID
 At least one Secondary ID
 Verifiable Social Security Number
 Proof of Address

New Mexico

 Proof of Identity
 Proof of Social Security Number
 2 Proofs of Residency
 Proof of having completed or of being enrolled in a state-approved driver education program (if under 18)
 If between 18 and 24, you must complete a “None for the Road” DWI class

New York

 Form MV-44 (also known as the Driver’s License Application)
 Your social security card
 Application Fee
 Form MV-619 signed by an eye care professional if you choose not to take the vision test at the DMV
 Form MV-285 driver’s education certificate if you have it.
 Documents that prove your age and identity. Make sure your documents total 6 points. Remember all documents must be original and at least one of them must show your date of birth.

North Carolina

 Two Proofs of Identity
 Proof of Social Security Number
 Proof of Residency
 Driver’s eligibility certificate or high school diploma ( if younger than 18)
 Driver’s education certificate ( if younger than 18)

North Dakota

Proof of name and date of birth
 Proof of legal presence.
Social security number

Ohio

 Your Legal Name and Date of Birth (Birth Certificate, Certified Copy of Court Order, Valid Passport, etc)
 Your Social Security Number (SSN Card, Medical Records, Department of Human Services Card)
 Your U.S. citizenship or U.S. legal presence (Certified Birth Certificate, Naturalization Form, Valid Passport)
 Your Resident street address in Ohio.( Utility Bill, Mortgage Document, School Record)

Oklahoma

 Proof of Primary ID
 Proof of Secondary ID
 Documentation of school enrollment (if under 18)
 Documentation of enrollment in a driver’s education course (if between 15 ½ and 16)

Oregon

 Proof of your full legal name
 Proof of your legal US presence
 Supply Social Security Number
 Proof of your address
 Proof of school enrollment (if under 18)

Pennsylvania

 Form DL 180 “Medical Qualification Certificate”
 Form DL 180TD (If under 18) Completed by a parent, legal guardian or spouse who is 18 or older.
 Proofs of identity such as a birth certificate, US passport, certificate of US citizenship or certificate of naturalization. The documents you need are also listed on the opposite side of Form DL 180.
 If you are 18 or older --Two proofs of residency such as a utility bill, W-2, tax records, current weapons permit, mortgage documents, lease agreement or any document listed on the opposite side of Form DL 180.
Social Security Card

Rhode Island

 Proof of drivers education
 Proof of birth
 Proof of social security card

South Carolina

 Birth Certificate
 Social Security Card
 Proof of Residency
 Insurance Information

South Dakota

 Proof of identity and date of birth such as a Certified U.S. birth certificate, valid unexpired U.S. passport, or Certificate of Citizenship
 Proof of Social Security Number
 Two Proofs of SD Residential Address (parents may provide for minors)

Tennessee

 Proof of U.S. Citizenship
 Proof of Identity
 Secondary Proof of Identity
 Two Proofs of Tennessee Residency dated within the last 4 months.
 Social Security Number
 Proof of school attendance/progress (if under 18)

Texas

 Proof of identity and citizenship
 Proof of Social Security Number
 Proof of classroom portion of driver’s education
 Proof of enrollment in school
 Proof of parent or guardian’s signature on application

Utah

 Proof of identity and lawful legal status
 Proof of Social Security
 Proof of Residency

Vermont

 Learner’s Permit Application with parent’s signature (if under 18)
 Proof of Residency
 Proof of Identity
 Social Security Number

Virginia

 Proof of Identity
- 1 proof of identity if you are younger than 19
- 2 proofs of identity if you are older than 19
 Proof of Legal United States Presence
 Proof of Social Security Number (if you’ve been issued one)
 Proof of Virginia Residency

Washington

 Proof of Identity
 Parental Authorization Statement- if under 18.
 Signed certificate from driving instructor, if enrolled in a driver’s education class.
 Proof of address
 Social Security number

West Virginia

 One Proof of Identity
 Proof of Social Security Number
 2 Proofs of Residency
 School Eligibility Form

Wisconsin

 Proof of Name and Date of Birth
 Proof of U.S. Citizenship
 Proof of Identity
 Proof of Residency
 Proof of Insurance
 Proof of Enrollment in Drivers Education (if under 18)

Wyoming

Proof of Identity
 Proof of Social Security Number
Two Proofs of Residency

More information about what documents are valid can be found in the official state handbook below.


DMV Fees

Acquiring a learner’s or driver’s permit and license costs money. Expect to pay the following when you visit the DMV:

Alabama

Road test fee: $5,00
Permit fees: $5.00 test fee and $36.25 license fee
License fees: $36,25

Alaska

Road test fee: Road Test: $15.00
Permit fees: $15,00
License fees: $20,00

Arizona

Permit fees: $7,00
License fees:
16 -39 $25.00
40-44 $20.00
45-49 $15.00
50-above $10.00

Arkansas

Road test fee:
No road test or written test fee
Retest for written & road test: $10 each
Permit fees: Prorated
License fees: $40,00

California

Road test fee: Failure after 3 attempts: $33
License fees: $35,00

Colorado

Road test fee:
Knowledge Written retest: $11.15
Driving Skills retest: $15
Permit fees: $16,80
License fees: $27,00

Connecticut

Road test fee: Examination Fee: $40
Permit fees: $19,00
License fees: $72,00

Delaware

License fees: $40,00

District Columbia

Road test fee:
Knowledge Test: $10
Road Test: $10
Permit fees: $20,00
License fees: $47,00

Florida

Road test fee:
Knowledge retest: $10.00
Skill retest: $20.00
License fees: $48,00

Georgia

Road test fee: $10.00 permit fee for each attempt
Permit fees: $10,00
License fees: $32,00

Hawaii

Road test fee:
Road Test: $8.00
Written Test: $2.00
Permit fees: $5,00
License fees:
17 - 24 (4 years): $20.00
25-72 (8 years): $40.00
72+ (2 years): $10.00

Idaho

Road test fee:
Skills Test: $24.00
Knowledge Test: $3.00
Permit fees: $15,00
License fees:
17 (1 year): $15.00
Under 18 & 18-21 (3 year): $25.00
20 (1 year): $15.00
21 and over (4 years): $30
21-62 (8 years): $55.00

Illinois

Permit fees: $20,00
License fees:
18-20: $5.00
21-68: $30.00
69-80: $5.00
82-86: $2.00
87+: Free

Indiana

Permit fees: $9,50
License fees:
Under 75: $17.50
75-84: $11.00
85+: $7.00

Iowa

Permit fees: $6.00/year
License fees: $4.00/year

Kansas

Road test fee: $3.00 exam fee included in license fee
License fees:
Under 21: $31.00
21+: $23

Louisiana

Permit fees: $32,35
License fees:
$32.25 - $38.25
(includes license fee of $20.25, $12.00 handling fee & a service fee of $0-$6.00)

Maine

Road test fee:
Written Test: $10.00
(Includes first road test.)
Reexamination: $5.00
License fees: $30,00

Maryland

Permit fees: $50 (fee includes conversion to full license)
License fees:
$72.00/ $9.00 per year*
*Fees may be prorated

Massachusetts

Road test fee:
Road Test: $35.00
(included in driver license fee)
License fees: $85.00 (includes $50 for license and $35 for road test)

Michigan

Road test fee:
Road Test: Varies by Testing Location
Knowledge Retesting (After failing twice): $10
Skills Test: (After failing twice): $20.00
Permit fees: Under 19: Free
License fees: 18 +: $25.00 (includes permit fee)

Minnesota

Road test fee:
Written Test: No Fee
(Additional attempts: $10 each)
Road Test: No Fee
(Additional attempts $20 each)
Permit fees: $13,25
License fees: $25,25

Mississippi

Permit fees: $7,00
License fees: $24,00

Missouri

Permit fees: $3,50
License fees: $10,00

Montana

License fees: $40.50 (includes .50 license renewal reminder)

Nebraska

Permit fees: $10,50
License fees:
$21.50
*Fees change by duration of valid years of license

Nevada

Road test fee:
Initial Knowledge & Skills Test: $26
(Retest: $11)
Permit fees: $23,25
License fees: $42,25

New Hampshire

Permit fees: $10,00
License fees: $50,00

New Jersey

Permit fees: $10,00
License fees: $24,00

New Mexico

Permit fees: $10,00
License fees: $18,00

New York

Road test fee: 2 road tests are included in $10.00 driver license application fee
License fees:
16-16.5: $80.00/$90.00*
16.5-17: $76.50/$85.75*
17-17.5: $92.50/$102.50*
17.5-18: $89.25/$98.25*
18-18.5: $80.0/$90.00*
18.5-21: $76.75-$80.00/$85.75-$90.00*
21+: $64.25-$67.50/$73.25-$77.50*
*Amount is the fee for people who live in the Metropolitan Commuter Transportation District (New York City and its suburbs)

North Carolina

Road test fee: Road test & written test fee included in learner’s permit fee
Permit fees: $20,00
License fees: $40,00

North Dakota

Road test fee:
Written Test: $5.00
Road Test: $5.00
Permit fees: $15,00
License fees: $15,00

Ohio

Permit fees:
16: $24.25
17: $23.00
18: $21.75
19: $20.50
20: $19.25
License fees: 21+: $23.00

Oklahoma

Road test fee:
Application fee: $4.00
Written Retest: $4.00
License fees: $33,50

Oregon

Road test fee:
Driver’s Test: $9.00
Knowledge Test: $5.00
Under 21: 2nd written test (free)
Permit fees: $23,50
License fees: $60,00

Pennsylvania

License fees: $35.50 (includes fee for learners permit, license $21, $9.50 photo fee)

Rhode Island

Road test fee: Road Test: $26.50
Permit fees:
16-18: $11.50
18+: $26.50
License fees: $38,50

South Carolina

Road test fee: Knowledge Test: $2.00
Permit fees: $2,50
License fees: $12,50

South Dakota

Permit fees: $28 + $15 fee to upgrade (includes knowledge test)
License fees: $28.00 (includes road test)

Tennessee

Permit fees:
Under 18: $10.50
18+: $5.50
License fees: $28.00 (includes $2.00 application fee, & $26.00 license cost) & $3.25/year

Texas

Permit fees: $16,00
License fees:
Under 18: $16
18+: $25.00

Utah

Road test fee: Road test is included in license fee
Permit fees: $15.00 (includes permit test)
License fees: $25,00

Vermont

Road test fee:
Knowledge Test: $32.00
Road Test: $19.00
Permit fees: $20,00
License fees: $32,00

Virginia

Road test fee:
Included in fee
Retest Fee: $2.00
Permit fees: Combined with driver’s license
License fees: $35,00

Washington

Road test fee: Test fees vary depending on location
Permit fees: $25,00
License fees: $89.00 (includes $35.00 application fee and $54 issuance fee)

West Virginia

Permit fees: $5,00
License fees:
18: $26.25
19 $17.50
20: $8.75
21+: $40.00
($5.00 test fee plus $2.50 for each year license is valid plus .50 for Combined Voter Registration and Driver's Licensing Fund)

Wisconsin

Road test fee: Skills Exam: $15.00
Permit fees: $35,00
License fees: $34,00

Wyoming

Permit fees: $20,00
License fees: $20,00

Last Minute DMV Written Test Tips

  1. Try to schedule to take the test earlier in the day

    Taking the test in the beginning of the day will allow you to have more energy and to get it over with sooner, rather than later.

  2. Be observant when driving with family or friends

    The test questions revolve around good driving habits. Make sure to pay attention to how your family or friends react in different situations, as well as other drivers. By doing this, it will help you visualize each question during the test.

  3. Review the official DMV handbook

    The official DMV handbook has all the answers you need, and is where all the test questions come from. From specific numbers and information, to traffic signs, make sure to review these directly from the handbook.

  4. Get your sleep the night before

    Getting a sufficient amount of sleep will help your body and mind function at its greatest potential. Make sure you feel 100% going into your test with 7-9 hours of sleep the night before.

  5. Hydrate and fuel

    Drink enough water and have a healthy meal for breakfast on the day of your test. Research shows that eating a hearty breakfast results in better exam performance, due to the nutrients delivered to the brain.

  6. Fully read each question thoroughly

    While you go through the test, make sure you read each question thoroughly. The DMV test questions are straightforward, and making sure to read the entire question will help you choose the best answer.

  7. Use multiple choice test strategies and tips

    Utilize multiple choice test strategies, such as eliminating all but two answers and making an educated guess, sticking to your first guess, and answering the questions you know first.

  8. Stay relaxed during the test

    Stress is natural in a testing environment. Make sure to relax yourself during the test, that so you can make the best decisions possible without distraction.


Frequently Missed Test Questions

Some questions are harder to grasp than others, especially for those new to driving. We have compiled twenty of the most frequently missed driving test questions so you can master them and feel confident going into your test.

When two vehicles meet on a steep mountain road where neither can pass, which vehicle has the right-of-way?

The vehicle that comes first
The vehicle traveling uphill
The vehicle traveling downhill
Both vehicles

A(n) __________ sign on a truck means that the truck's load is potentially dangerous.

diamond-shaped
inverted triangular red
octagonal
rectangular white

You should reduce your speed by half when the road is

packed with snow.
wet.
icy.
any of the above are true.

The risk of driving impairment begins to rise noticeably at a Blood Alcohol Concentration (BAC) of__________ and increases rapidly thereafter.

.08 percent
.07 percent
1.0 percent
.05 percent

When parked facing uphill on the right side of the road with a curb, you should steer

away from the curb.
towards the curb.
straight.
towards the side with the least amount of vehicles.

When stopped behind another vehicle on a hill, you should stay back at least

one vehicle length.
two vehicle lengths.
three vehicle lengths.
four vehicle lengths.

If you double your speed on a highway, your braking distance increases by

two times.
three times.
four times.
five times.

If you look at your steering wheel as a clock, what is the best hand position?

10 o'clock and 2 o'clock
9 o'clock and 3 o'clock
8 o'clock and 4 o'clock
9 o'clock and 4 o'clock

Right-of-way must be yielded to emergency vehicles

using a siren.
using a siren or flashing red, blue, or white lights.
at all times.
flashing red, blue, or white lights.

When should you yield on a green light?

When preparing to make a right turn
When the green light is an arrow
During rush hour in urban areas
When turning left

If your vehicle is equipped with anti-lock brakes, when they engage it is important to

grip the steering wheel tightly.
take your foot off the brake.
keep your foot on the brake.
use the emergency brake.

When adjusting your seat, you should allow ______________ between the chest and steering wheel.

4 inches
5-8 inches
10 inches
8 inches

To stop on ice with a vehicle equipped without ABS brakes you should

apply continuous pressure.
pump the brakes.
use the emergency brake.
swerve your vehicle off the road.

You are required by law to yield right-of-way to all of the following EXCEPT

ambulances with flashing lights.
vehicles with blue, green, or amber lights.
police cars with sirens.
skateboarders legally crossing the road.

Prior to entering the roadway from an alley, you must FIRST

come to a complete stop.
look both ways.
beep your horn.
yield to other traffic.

You are parked on the downward slope of a street. It is a one-way street and you are parked against the left curb. Which way should your front wheels be turned?

To the right
To the left
Straight
To the right or to the left

When entering a freeway from an acceleration lane, it is important to

increase your speed to match that of the freeway.
come to a full stop and wait for an opening in traffic.
increase speed beyond speed limit.
keep your speed below that of the freeway until you've entered traffic flow.

In which of these situations is it appropriate to use your horn?

To encourage other drivers to drive faster
To let a driver know he has made a driving error
To make eye contact with another driver
To let pedestrians know they should get off the road

An average 140-pound woman will become legally intoxicated after consuming ___ alcoholic drink(s). An average 180-pound man will become legally intoxicated after consuming ___ alcoholic drinks.

1; 2
2; 3
3; 4
4; 5

If a driver is approaching you head on in your lane, what should you do?

Move into the left lane to avoid hitting the vehicle
Drive on the shoulder of the road
Beep your horn and pull off the road
Maintain your lane position. You have the right of way

DMV Driver’s License Handbook

Referencing the official DMV handbook for your state will provide all the answers you need for your DMV visit. Download the official driver’s manual PDF below:

Download PDF

After reviewing all of the study material we have provided above, you should feel confident walking into the DMV. Be sure to stay focused, relaxed, and positive so you can pass your DMV written test with flying colors!